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Sourcecode: linux-2.6 version File versions

init.c

/*
 *  linux/arch/alpha/mm/init.c
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 1995  Linus Torvalds
 */

/* 2.3.x zone allocator, 1999 Andrea Arcangeli <andrea@suse.de> */

#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/bootmem.h> /* max_low_pfn */
#include <linux/vmalloc.h>

#include <asm/system.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/pgalloc.h>
#include <asm/hwrpb.h>
#include <asm/dma.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
#include <asm/console.h>
#include <asm/tlb.h>

DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct mmu_gather, mmu_gathers);

extern void die_if_kernel(char *,struct pt_regs *,long);

static struct pcb_struct original_pcb;

pgd_t *
pgd_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
      pgd_t *ret, *init;

      ret = (pgd_t *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_ZERO);
      init = pgd_offset(&init_mm, 0UL);
      if (ret) {
#ifdef CONFIG_ALPHA_LARGE_VMALLOC
            memcpy (ret + USER_PTRS_PER_PGD, init + USER_PTRS_PER_PGD,
                  (PTRS_PER_PGD - USER_PTRS_PER_PGD - 1)*sizeof(pgd_t));
#else
            pgd_val(ret[PTRS_PER_PGD-2]) = pgd_val(init[PTRS_PER_PGD-2]);
#endif

            /* The last PGD entry is the VPTB self-map.  */
            pgd_val(ret[PTRS_PER_PGD-1])
              = pte_val(mk_pte(virt_to_page(ret), PAGE_KERNEL));
      }
      return ret;
}

pte_t *
pte_alloc_one_kernel(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address)
{
      pte_t *pte = (pte_t *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL|__GFP_REPEAT|__GFP_ZERO);
      return pte;
}


/*
 * BAD_PAGE is the page that is used for page faults when linux
 * is out-of-memory. Older versions of linux just did a
 * do_exit(), but using this instead means there is less risk
 * for a process dying in kernel mode, possibly leaving an inode
 * unused etc..
 *
 * BAD_PAGETABLE is the accompanying page-table: it is initialized
 * to point to BAD_PAGE entries.
 *
 * ZERO_PAGE is a special page that is used for zero-initialized
 * data and COW.
 */
pmd_t *
__bad_pagetable(void)
{
      memset((void *) EMPTY_PGT, 0, PAGE_SIZE);
      return (pmd_t *) EMPTY_PGT;
}

pte_t
__bad_page(void)
{
      memset((void *) EMPTY_PGE, 0, PAGE_SIZE);
      return pte_mkdirty(mk_pte(virt_to_page(EMPTY_PGE), PAGE_SHARED));
}

#ifndef CONFIG_DISCONTIGMEM
void
show_mem(void)
{
      long i,free = 0,total = 0,reserved = 0;
      long shared = 0, cached = 0;

      printk("\nMem-info:\n");
      show_free_areas();
      printk("Free swap:       %6ldkB\n", nr_swap_pages<<(PAGE_SHIFT-10));
      i = max_mapnr;
      while (i-- > 0) {
            total++;
            if (PageReserved(mem_map+i))
                  reserved++;
            else if (PageSwapCache(mem_map+i))
                  cached++;
            else if (!page_count(mem_map+i))
                  free++;
            else
                  shared += page_count(mem_map + i) - 1;
      }
      printk("%ld pages of RAM\n",total);
      printk("%ld free pages\n",free);
      printk("%ld reserved pages\n",reserved);
      printk("%ld pages shared\n",shared);
      printk("%ld pages swap cached\n",cached);
}
#endif

static inline unsigned long
load_PCB(struct pcb_struct *pcb)
{
      register unsigned long sp __asm__("$30");
      pcb->ksp = sp;
      return __reload_thread(pcb);
}

/* Set up initial PCB, VPTB, and other such nicities.  */

static inline void
switch_to_system_map(void)
{
      unsigned long newptbr;
      unsigned long original_pcb_ptr;

      /* Initialize the kernel's page tables.  Linux puts the vptb in
         the last slot of the L1 page table.  */
      memset(swapper_pg_dir, 0, PAGE_SIZE);
      newptbr = ((unsigned long) swapper_pg_dir - PAGE_OFFSET) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
      pgd_val(swapper_pg_dir[1023]) =
            (newptbr << 32) | pgprot_val(PAGE_KERNEL);

      /* Set the vptb.  This is often done by the bootloader, but 
         shouldn't be required.  */
      if (hwrpb->vptb != 0xfffffffe00000000UL) {
            wrvptptr(0xfffffffe00000000UL);
            hwrpb->vptb = 0xfffffffe00000000UL;
            hwrpb_update_checksum(hwrpb);
      }

      /* Also set up the real kernel PCB while we're at it.  */
      init_thread_info.pcb.ptbr = newptbr;
      init_thread_info.pcb.flags = 1;     /* set FEN, clear everything else */
      original_pcb_ptr = load_PCB(&init_thread_info.pcb);
      tbia();

      /* Save off the contents of the original PCB so that we can
         restore the original console's page tables for a clean reboot.

         Note that the PCB is supposed to be a physical address, but
         since KSEG values also happen to work, folks get confused.
         Check this here.  */

      if (original_pcb_ptr < PAGE_OFFSET) {
            original_pcb_ptr = (unsigned long)
                  phys_to_virt(original_pcb_ptr);
      }
      original_pcb = *(struct pcb_struct *) original_pcb_ptr;
}

int callback_init_done;

void * __init
callback_init(void * kernel_end)
{
      struct crb_struct * crb;
      pgd_t *pgd;
      pmd_t *pmd;
      void *two_pages;

      /* Starting at the HWRPB, locate the CRB. */
      crb = (struct crb_struct *)((char *)hwrpb + hwrpb->crb_offset);

      if (alpha_using_srm) {
            /* Tell the console whither it is to be remapped. */
            if (srm_fixup(VMALLOC_START, (unsigned long)hwrpb))
                  __halt();         /* "We're boned."  --Bender */

            /* Edit the procedure descriptors for DISPATCH and FIXUP. */
            crb->dispatch_va = (struct procdesc_struct *)
                  (VMALLOC_START + (unsigned long)crb->dispatch_va
                   - crb->map[0].va);
            crb->fixup_va = (struct procdesc_struct *)
                  (VMALLOC_START + (unsigned long)crb->fixup_va
                   - crb->map[0].va);
      }

      switch_to_system_map();

      /* Allocate one PGD and one PMD.  In the case of SRM, we'll need
         these to actually remap the console.  There is an assumption
         here that only one of each is needed, and this allows for 8MB.
         On systems with larger consoles, additional pages will be
         allocated as needed during the mapping process.

         In the case of not SRM, but not CONFIG_ALPHA_LARGE_VMALLOC,
         we need to allocate the PGD we use for vmalloc before we start
         forking other tasks.  */

      two_pages = (void *)
        (((unsigned long)kernel_end + ~PAGE_MASK) & PAGE_MASK);
      kernel_end = two_pages + 2*PAGE_SIZE;
      memset(two_pages, 0, 2*PAGE_SIZE);

      pgd = pgd_offset_k(VMALLOC_START);
      pgd_set(pgd, (pmd_t *)two_pages);
      pmd = pmd_offset(pgd, VMALLOC_START);
      pmd_set(pmd, (pte_t *)(two_pages + PAGE_SIZE));

      if (alpha_using_srm) {
            static struct vm_struct console_remap_vm;
            unsigned long vaddr = VMALLOC_START;
            unsigned long i, j;

            /* Set up the third level PTEs and update the virtual
               addresses of the CRB entries.  */
            for (i = 0; i < crb->map_entries; ++i) {
                  unsigned long pfn = crb->map[i].pa >> PAGE_SHIFT;
                  crb->map[i].va = vaddr;
                  for (j = 0; j < crb->map[i].count; ++j) {
                        /* Newer console's (especially on larger
                           systems) may require more pages of
                           PTEs. Grab additional pages as needed. */
                        if (pmd != pmd_offset(pgd, vaddr)) {
                              memset(kernel_end, 0, PAGE_SIZE);
                              pmd = pmd_offset(pgd, vaddr);
                              pmd_set(pmd, (pte_t *)kernel_end);
                              kernel_end += PAGE_SIZE;
                        }
                        set_pte(pte_offset_kernel(pmd, vaddr),
                              pfn_pte(pfn, PAGE_KERNEL));
                        pfn++;
                        vaddr += PAGE_SIZE;
                  }
            }

            /* Let vmalloc know that we've allocated some space.  */
            console_remap_vm.flags = VM_ALLOC;
            console_remap_vm.addr = (void *) VMALLOC_START;
            console_remap_vm.size = vaddr - VMALLOC_START;
            vmlist = &console_remap_vm;
      }

      callback_init_done = 1;
      return kernel_end;
}


#ifndef CONFIG_DISCONTIGMEM
/*
 * paging_init() sets up the memory map.
 */
void
paging_init(void)
{
      unsigned long zones_size[MAX_NR_ZONES] = {0, 0, 0};
      unsigned long dma_pfn, high_pfn;

      dma_pfn = virt_to_phys((char *)MAX_DMA_ADDRESS) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
      high_pfn = max_pfn = max_low_pfn;

      if (dma_pfn >= high_pfn)
            zones_size[ZONE_DMA] = high_pfn;
      else {
            zones_size[ZONE_DMA] = dma_pfn;
            zones_size[ZONE_NORMAL] = high_pfn - dma_pfn;
      }

      /* Initialize mem_map[].  */
      free_area_init(zones_size);

      /* Initialize the kernel's ZERO_PGE. */
      memset((void *)ZERO_PGE, 0, PAGE_SIZE);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_DISCONTIGMEM */

#if defined(CONFIG_ALPHA_GENERIC) || defined(CONFIG_ALPHA_SRM)
void
srm_paging_stop (void)
{
      /* Move the vptb back to where the SRM console expects it.  */
      swapper_pg_dir[1] = swapper_pg_dir[1023];
      tbia();
      wrvptptr(0x200000000UL);
      hwrpb->vptb = 0x200000000UL;
      hwrpb_update_checksum(hwrpb);

      /* Reload the page tables that the console had in use.  */
      load_PCB(&original_pcb);
      tbia();
}
#endif

#ifndef CONFIG_DISCONTIGMEM
static void __init
printk_memory_info(void)
{
      unsigned long codesize, reservedpages, datasize, initsize, tmp;
      extern int page_is_ram(unsigned long) __init;
      extern char _text, _etext, _data, _edata;
      extern char __init_begin, __init_end;

      /* printk all informations */
      reservedpages = 0;
      for (tmp = 0; tmp < max_low_pfn; tmp++)
            /*
             * Only count reserved RAM pages
             */
            if (page_is_ram(tmp) && PageReserved(mem_map+tmp))
                  reservedpages++;

      codesize =  (unsigned long) &_etext - (unsigned long) &_text;
      datasize =  (unsigned long) &_edata - (unsigned long) &_data;
      initsize =  (unsigned long) &__init_end - (unsigned long) &__init_begin;

      printk("Memory: %luk/%luk available (%luk kernel code, %luk reserved, %luk data, %luk init)\n",
             (unsigned long) nr_free_pages() << (PAGE_SHIFT-10),
             max_mapnr << (PAGE_SHIFT-10),
             codesize >> 10,
             reservedpages << (PAGE_SHIFT-10),
             datasize >> 10,
             initsize >> 10);
}

void __init
mem_init(void)
{
      max_mapnr = num_physpages = max_low_pfn;
      totalram_pages += free_all_bootmem();
      high_memory = (void *) __va(max_low_pfn * PAGE_SIZE);

      printk_memory_info();
}
#endif /* CONFIG_DISCONTIGMEM */

void
free_reserved_mem(void *start, void *end)
{
      void *__start = start;
      for (; __start < end; __start += PAGE_SIZE) {
            ClearPageReserved(virt_to_page(__start));
            init_page_count(virt_to_page(__start));
            free_page((long)__start);
            totalram_pages++;
      }
}

void
free_initmem(void)
{
      extern char __init_begin, __init_end;

      free_reserved_mem(&__init_begin, &__init_end);
      printk ("Freeing unused kernel memory: %ldk freed\n",
            (&__init_end - &__init_begin) >> 10);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_BLK_DEV_INITRD
void
free_initrd_mem(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
{
      free_reserved_mem((void *)start, (void *)end);
      printk ("Freeing initrd memory: %ldk freed\n", (end - start) >> 10);
}
#endif

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