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signal.c

/*
 *  linux/arch/cris/kernel/signal.c
 *
 *  Based on arch/i386/kernel/signal.c by
 *     Copyright (C) 1991, 1992  Linus Torvalds
 *     1997-11-28  Modified for POSIX.1b signals by Richard Henderson *
 *
 *  Ideas also taken from arch/arm.
 *
 *  Copyright (C) 2000, 2001 Axis Communications AB
 *
 *  Authors:  Bjorn Wesen (bjornw@axis.com)
 *
 */

#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/smp_lock.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/unistd.h>
#include <linux/stddef.h>

#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/ucontext.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>

#define DEBUG_SIG 0

#define _BLOCKABLE (~(sigmask(SIGKILL) | sigmask(SIGSTOP)))

/* a syscall in Linux/CRIS is a break 13 instruction which is 2 bytes */
/* manipulate regs so that upon return, it will be re-executed */

/* We rely on that pc points to the instruction after "break 13", so the
 * library must never do strange things like putting it in a delay slot.
 */
#define RESTART_CRIS_SYS(regs) regs->r10 = regs->orig_r10; regs->irp -= 2;

int do_signal(int canrestart, sigset_t *oldset, struct pt_regs *regs);

/*
 * Atomically swap in the new signal mask, and wait for a signal.  Define 
 * dummy arguments to be able to reach the regs argument.  (Note that this
 * arrangement relies on old_sigset_t occupying one register.)
 */
int
sys_sigsuspend(old_sigset_t mask, long r11, long r12, long r13, long mof, 
               long srp, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
      sigset_t saveset;

      mask &= _BLOCKABLE;
      spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
      saveset = current->blocked;
      siginitset(&current->blocked, mask);
      recalc_sigpending();
      spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);

      regs->r10 = -EINTR;
      while (1) {
            current->state = TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE;
            schedule();
            if (do_signal(0, &saveset, regs))
                  /* We will get here twice: once to call the signal
                     handler, then again to return from the
                     sigsuspend system call.  When calling the
                     signal handler, R10 holds the signal number as
                     set through do_signal.  The sigsuspend call
                     will return with the restored value set above;
                     always -EINTR.  */
                  return regs->r10;
      }
}

/* Define dummy arguments to be able to reach the regs argument.  (Note that
 * this arrangement relies on size_t occupying one register.)
 */
int
sys_rt_sigsuspend(sigset_t *unewset, size_t sigsetsize, long r12, long r13, 
                  long mof, long srp, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
      sigset_t saveset, newset;

      /* XXX: Don't preclude handling different sized sigset_t's.  */
      if (sigsetsize != sizeof(sigset_t))
            return -EINVAL;

      if (copy_from_user(&newset, unewset, sizeof(newset)))
            return -EFAULT;
      sigdelsetmask(&newset, ~_BLOCKABLE);

      spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
      saveset = current->blocked;
      current->blocked = newset;
      recalc_sigpending();
      spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);

      regs->r10 = -EINTR;
      while (1) {
            current->state = TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE;
            schedule();
            if (do_signal(0, &saveset, regs))
                  /* We will get here twice: once to call the signal
                     handler, then again to return from the
                     sigsuspend system call.  When calling the
                     signal handler, R10 holds the signal number as
                     set through do_signal.  The sigsuspend call
                     will return with the restored value set above;
                     always -EINTR.  */
                  return regs->r10;
      }
}

int 
sys_sigaction(int sig, const struct old_sigaction __user *act,
            struct old_sigaction *oact)
{
      struct k_sigaction new_ka, old_ka;
      int ret;

      if (act) {
            old_sigset_t mask;
            if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, act, sizeof(*act)) ||
                __get_user(new_ka.sa.sa_handler, &act->sa_handler) ||
                __get_user(new_ka.sa.sa_restorer, &act->sa_restorer))
                  return -EFAULT;
            __get_user(new_ka.sa.sa_flags, &act->sa_flags);
            __get_user(mask, &act->sa_mask);
            siginitset(&new_ka.sa.sa_mask, mask);
      }

      ret = do_sigaction(sig, act ? &new_ka : NULL, oact ? &old_ka : NULL);

      if (!ret && oact) {
            if (!access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, oact, sizeof(*oact)) ||
                __put_user(old_ka.sa.sa_handler, &oact->sa_handler) ||
                __put_user(old_ka.sa.sa_restorer, &oact->sa_restorer))
                  return -EFAULT;
            __put_user(old_ka.sa.sa_flags, &oact->sa_flags);
            __put_user(old_ka.sa.sa_mask.sig[0], &oact->sa_mask);
      }

      return ret;
}

int
sys_sigaltstack(const stack_t *uss, stack_t __user *uoss)
{
      return do_sigaltstack(uss, uoss, rdusp());
}


/*
 * Do a signal return; undo the signal stack.
 */

struct sigframe {
      struct sigcontext sc;
      unsigned long extramask[_NSIG_WORDS-1];
      unsigned char retcode[8];  /* trampoline code */
};

struct rt_sigframe {
      struct siginfo *pinfo;
      void *puc;
      struct siginfo info;
      struct ucontext uc;
      unsigned char retcode[8];  /* trampoline code */
};


static int
restore_sigcontext(struct pt_regs *regs, struct sigcontext __user *sc)
{
      unsigned int err = 0;
      unsigned long old_usp;

        /* Always make any pending restarted system calls return -EINTR */
      current_thread_info()->restart_block.fn = do_no_restart_syscall;

      /* restore the regs from &sc->regs (same as sc, since regs is first)
       * (sc is already checked for VERIFY_READ since the sigframe was
       *  checked in sys_sigreturn previously)
       */

      if (__copy_from_user(regs, sc, sizeof(struct pt_regs)))
                goto badframe;

      /* make sure the U-flag is set so user-mode cannot fool us */

      regs->dccr |= 1 << 8;

      /* restore the old USP as it was before we stacked the sc etc.
       * (we cannot just pop the sigcontext since we aligned the sp and
       *  stuff after pushing it)
       */

      err |= __get_user(old_usp, &sc->usp);

      wrusp(old_usp);

      /* TODO: the other ports use regs->orig_XX to disable syscall checks
       * after this completes, but we don't use that mechanism. maybe we can
       * use it now ? 
       */

      return err;

badframe:
      return 1;
}

/* Define dummy arguments to be able to reach the regs argument.  */

asmlinkage int sys_sigreturn(long r10, long r11, long r12, long r13, long mof, 
                             long srp, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
      struct sigframe __user *frame = (struct sigframe *)rdusp();
      sigset_t set;

        /*
         * Since we stacked the signal on a dword boundary,
         * then frame should be dword aligned here.  If it's
         * not, then the user is trying to mess with us.
         */
        if (((long)frame) & 3)
                goto badframe;

      if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, frame, sizeof(*frame)))
            goto badframe;
      if (__get_user(set.sig[0], &frame->sc.oldmask)
          || (_NSIG_WORDS > 1
            && __copy_from_user(&set.sig[1], frame->extramask,
                            sizeof(frame->extramask))))
            goto badframe;

      sigdelsetmask(&set, ~_BLOCKABLE);
      spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
      current->blocked = set;
      recalc_sigpending();
      spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
      
      if (restore_sigcontext(regs, &frame->sc))
            goto badframe;

      /* TODO: SIGTRAP when single-stepping as in arm ? */

      return regs->r10;

badframe:
      force_sig(SIGSEGV, current);
      return 0;
}     

/* Define dummy arguments to be able to reach the regs argument.  */

asmlinkage int sys_rt_sigreturn(long r10, long r11, long r12, long r13, 
                                long mof, long srp, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
      struct rt_sigframe __user *frame = (struct rt_sigframe *)rdusp();
      sigset_t set;

        /*
         * Since we stacked the signal on a dword boundary,
         * then frame should be dword aligned here.  If it's
         * not, then the user is trying to mess with us.
         */
        if (((long)frame) & 3)
                goto badframe;

      if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, frame, sizeof(*frame)))
            goto badframe;
      if (__copy_from_user(&set, &frame->uc.uc_sigmask, sizeof(set)))
            goto badframe;

      sigdelsetmask(&set, ~_BLOCKABLE);
      spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
      current->blocked = set;
      recalc_sigpending();
      spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
      
      if (restore_sigcontext(regs, &frame->uc.uc_mcontext))
            goto badframe;

      if (do_sigaltstack(&frame->uc.uc_stack, NULL, rdusp()) == -EFAULT)
            goto badframe;

      return regs->r10;

badframe:
      force_sig(SIGSEGV, current);
      return 0;
}     

/*
 * Set up a signal frame.
 */

static int
setup_sigcontext(struct sigcontext __user *sc, struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long mask)
{
      int err = 0;
      unsigned long usp = rdusp();

      /* copy the regs. they are first in sc so we can use sc directly */

      err |= __copy_to_user(sc, regs, sizeof(struct pt_regs));

        /* Set the frametype to CRIS_FRAME_NORMAL for the execution of
           the signal handler. The frametype will be restored to its previous
           value in restore_sigcontext. */
        regs->frametype = CRIS_FRAME_NORMAL;

      /* then some other stuff */

      err |= __put_user(mask, &sc->oldmask);

      err |= __put_user(usp, &sc->usp);

      return err;
}

/* figure out where we want to put the new signal frame - usually on the stack */

static inline void __user *
get_sigframe(struct k_sigaction *ka, struct pt_regs * regs, size_t frame_size)
{
      unsigned long sp = rdusp();

      /* This is the X/Open sanctioned signal stack switching.  */
      if (ka->sa.sa_flags & SA_ONSTACK) {
            if (! on_sig_stack(sp))
                  sp = current->sas_ss_sp + current->sas_ss_size;
      }

      /* make sure the frame is dword-aligned */

      sp &= ~3;

      return (void __user*)(sp - frame_size);
}

/* grab and setup a signal frame.
 * 
 * basically we stack a lot of state info, and arrange for the
 * user-mode program to return to the kernel using either a
 * trampoline which performs the syscall sigreturn, or a provided
 * user-mode trampoline.
 */

static void setup_frame(int sig, struct k_sigaction *ka,
                  sigset_t *set, struct pt_regs * regs)
{
      struct sigframe __user *frame;
      unsigned long return_ip;
      int err = 0;

      frame = get_sigframe(ka, regs, sizeof(*frame));

      if (!access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, frame, sizeof(*frame)))
            goto give_sigsegv;

      err |= setup_sigcontext(&frame->sc, regs, set->sig[0]);
      if (err)
            goto give_sigsegv;

      if (_NSIG_WORDS > 1) {
            err |= __copy_to_user(frame->extramask, &set->sig[1],
                              sizeof(frame->extramask));
      }
      if (err)
            goto give_sigsegv;

      /* Set up to return from userspace.  If provided, use a stub
         already in userspace.  */
      if (ka->sa.sa_flags & SA_RESTORER) {
            return_ip = (unsigned long)ka->sa.sa_restorer;
      } else {
            /* trampoline - the desired return ip is the retcode itself */
            return_ip = (unsigned long)&frame->retcode;
            /* This is movu.w __NR_sigreturn, r9; break 13; */
            err |= __put_user(0x9c5f,         (short __user*)(frame->retcode+0));
            err |= __put_user(__NR_sigreturn, (short __user*)(frame->retcode+2));
            err |= __put_user(0xe93d,         (short __user*)(frame->retcode+4));
      }

      if (err)
            goto give_sigsegv;

      /* Set up registers for signal handler */

      regs->irp = (unsigned long) ka->sa.sa_handler;  /* what we enter NOW   */
      regs->srp = return_ip;                          /* what we enter LATER */
      regs->r10 = sig;                                /* first argument is signo */

      /* actually move the usp to reflect the stacked frame */

      wrusp((unsigned long)frame);

      return;

give_sigsegv:
      force_sigsegv(sig, current);
}

static void setup_rt_frame(int sig, struct k_sigaction *ka, siginfo_t *info,
                     sigset_t *set, struct pt_regs * regs)
{
      struct rt_sigframe __user *frame;
      unsigned long return_ip;
      int err = 0;

      frame = get_sigframe(ka, regs, sizeof(*frame));

      if (!access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, frame, sizeof(*frame)))
            goto give_sigsegv;

      err |= __put_user(&frame->info, &frame->pinfo);
      err |= __put_user(&frame->uc, &frame->puc);
      err |= copy_siginfo_to_user(&frame->info, info);
      if (err)
            goto give_sigsegv;

      /* Clear all the bits of the ucontext we don't use.  */
        err |= __clear_user(&frame->uc, offsetof(struct ucontext, uc_mcontext));

      err |= setup_sigcontext(&frame->uc.uc_mcontext, regs, set->sig[0]);

      err |= __copy_to_user(&frame->uc.uc_sigmask, set, sizeof(*set));

      if (err)
            goto give_sigsegv;

      /* Set up to return from userspace.  If provided, use a stub
         already in userspace.  */
      if (ka->sa.sa_flags & SA_RESTORER) {
            return_ip = (unsigned long)ka->sa.sa_restorer;
      } else {
            /* trampoline - the desired return ip is the retcode itself */
            return_ip = (unsigned long)&frame->retcode;
            /* This is movu.w __NR_rt_sigreturn, r9; break 13; */
            err |= __put_user(0x9c5f,            (short __user*)(frame->retcode+0));
            err |= __put_user(__NR_rt_sigreturn, (short __user*)(frame->retcode+2));
            err |= __put_user(0xe93d,            (short __user*)(frame->retcode+4));
      }

      if (err)
            goto give_sigsegv;

      /* TODO what is the current->exec_domain stuff and invmap ? */

      /* Set up registers for signal handler */

      regs->irp = (unsigned long) ka->sa.sa_handler;  /* what we enter NOW   */
      regs->srp = return_ip;                          /* what we enter LATER */
      regs->r10 = sig;                                /* first argument is signo */
        regs->r11 = (unsigned long) &frame->info;       /* second argument is (siginfo_t *) */
        regs->r12 = 0;                                  /* third argument is unused */

      /* actually move the usp to reflect the stacked frame */

      wrusp((unsigned long)frame);

      return;

give_sigsegv:
      force_sigsegv(sig, current);
}

/*
 * OK, we're invoking a handler
 */   

static inline void
handle_signal(int canrestart, unsigned long sig,
            siginfo_t *info, struct k_sigaction *ka,
              sigset_t *oldset, struct pt_regs * regs)
{
      /* Are we from a system call? */
      if (canrestart) {
            /* If so, check system call restarting.. */
            switch (regs->r10) {
                  case -ERESTART_RESTARTBLOCK:
                  case -ERESTARTNOHAND:
                        /* ERESTARTNOHAND means that the syscall should only be
                           restarted if there was no handler for the signal, and since
                           we only get here if there is a handler, we don't restart */
                        regs->r10 = -EINTR;
                        break;

                  case -ERESTARTSYS:
                        /* ERESTARTSYS means to restart the syscall if there is no
                           handler or the handler was registered with SA_RESTART */
                        if (!(ka->sa.sa_flags & SA_RESTART)) {
                              regs->r10 = -EINTR;
                              break;
                        }
                  /* fallthrough */
                  case -ERESTARTNOINTR:
                        /* ERESTARTNOINTR means that the syscall should be called again
                           after the signal handler returns. */
                        RESTART_CRIS_SYS(regs);
            }
      }

      /* Set up the stack frame */
      if (ka->sa.sa_flags & SA_SIGINFO)
            setup_rt_frame(sig, ka, info, oldset, regs);
      else
            setup_frame(sig, ka, oldset, regs);

      if (ka->sa.sa_flags & SA_ONESHOT)
            ka->sa.sa_handler = SIG_DFL;

      spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
      sigorsets(&current->blocked,&current->blocked,&ka->sa.sa_mask);
      if (!(ka->sa.sa_flags & SA_NODEFER))
            sigaddset(&current->blocked,sig);
      recalc_sigpending();
      spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
}

/*
 * Note that 'init' is a special process: it doesn't get signals it doesn't
 * want to handle. Thus you cannot kill init even with a SIGKILL even by
 * mistake.
 *
 * Also note that the regs structure given here as an argument, is the latest
 * pushed pt_regs. It may or may not be the same as the first pushed registers
 * when the initial usermode->kernelmode transition took place. Therefore
 * we can use user_mode(regs) to see if we came directly from kernel or user
 * mode below.
 */

int do_signal(int canrestart, sigset_t *oldset, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
      siginfo_t info;
      int signr;
        struct k_sigaction ka;

      /*
       * We want the common case to go fast, which
       * is why we may in certain cases get here from
       * kernel mode. Just return without doing anything
       * if so.
       */
      if (!user_mode(regs))
            return 1;

      if (!oldset)
            oldset = &current->blocked;

      signr = get_signal_to_deliver(&info, &ka, regs, NULL);
      if (signr > 0) {
            /* Whee!  Actually deliver the signal.  */
            handle_signal(canrestart, signr, &info, &ka, oldset, regs);
            return 1;
      }

      /* Did we come from a system call? */
      if (canrestart) {
            /* Restart the system call - no handlers present */
            if (regs->r10 == -ERESTARTNOHAND ||
                regs->r10 == -ERESTARTSYS ||
                regs->r10 == -ERESTARTNOINTR) {
                  RESTART_CRIS_SYS(regs);
            }
            if (regs->r10 == -ERESTART_RESTARTBLOCK){
                  regs->r10 = __NR_restart_syscall;
                  regs->irp -= 2;
            }
      }
      return 0;
}

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