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scc.c

#define RCS_ID "$Id: scc.c,v 1.75 1998/11/04 15:15:01 jreuter Exp jreuter $"

#define VERSION "3.0"

/*
 * Please use z8530drv-utils-3.0 with this version.
 *            ------------------
 *
 * You can find a subset of the documentation in 
 * Documentation/networking/z8530drv.txt.
 */

/*
   ********************************************************************
   *   SCC.C - Linux driver for Z8530 based HDLC cards for AX.25      *
   ********************************************************************


   ********************************************************************

      Copyright (c) 1993, 2000 Joerg Reuter DL1BKE

      portions (c) 1993 Guido ten Dolle PE1NNZ

   ********************************************************************
   
   The driver and the programs in the archive are UNDER CONSTRUCTION.
   The code is likely to fail, and so your kernel could --- even 
   a whole network. 

   This driver is intended for Amateur Radio use. If you are running it
   for commercial purposes, please drop me a note. I am nosy...

   ...BUT:
 
   ! You  m u s t  recognize the appropriate legislations of your country !
   ! before you connect a radio to the SCC board and start to transmit or !
   ! receive. The GPL allows you to use the  d r i v e r,  NOT the RADIO! !

   For non-Amateur-Radio use please note that you might need a special
   allowance/licence from the designer of the SCC Board and/or the
   MODEM. 

   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify 
   it under the terms of the (modified) GNU General Public License 
   delivered with the Linux kernel source.
   
   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.

   You should find a copy of the GNU General Public License in 
   /usr/src/linux/COPYING; 
   
   ******************************************************************** 

            
   Incomplete history of z8530drv:
   -------------------------------

   1994-09-13     started to write the driver, rescued most of my own
            code (and Hans Alblas' memory buffer pool concept) from 
            an earlier project "sccdrv" which was initiated by 
            Guido ten Dolle. Not much of the old driver survived, 
            though. The first version I put my hands on was sccdrv1.3
            from August 1993. The memory buffer pool concept
            appeared in an unauthorized sccdrv version (1.5) from
            August 1994.

   1995-01-31     changed copyright notice to GPL without limitations.
   
     .
     .      <SNIP>
     .
              
   1996-10-05     New semester, new driver... 

              * KISS TNC emulator removed (TTY driver)
              * Source moved to drivers/net/
              * Includes Z8530 defines from drivers/net/z8530.h
              * Uses sk_buffer memory management
              * Reduced overhead of /proc/net/z8530drv output
              * Streamlined quite a lot things
              * Invents brand new bugs... ;-)

              The move to version number 3.0 reflects theses changes.
              You can use 'kissbridge' if you need a KISS TNC emulator.

   1996-12-13     Fixed for Linux networking changes. (G4KLX)
   1997-01-08     Fixed the remaining problems.
   1997-04-02     Hopefully fixed the problems with the new *_timer()
            routines, added calibration code.
   1997-10-12     Made SCC_DELAY a CONFIG option, added CONFIG_SCC_TRXECHO
   1998-01-29     Small fix to avoid lock-up on initialization
   1998-09-29     Fixed the "grouping" bugs, tx_inhibit works again,
            using dev->tx_queue_len now instead of MAXQUEUE now.
   1998-10-21     Postponed the spinlock changes, would need a lot of
            testing I currently don't have the time to. Softdcd doesn't
            work.
   1998-11-04     Softdcd does not work correctly in DPLL mode, in fact it 
            never did. The DPLL locks on noise, the SYNC unit sees
            flags that aren't... Restarting the DPLL does not help
            either, it resynchronizes too slow and the first received
            frame gets lost.
   2000-02-13     Fixed for new network driver interface changes, still
            does TX timeouts itself since it uses its own queue
            scheme.

   Thanks to all who contributed to this driver with ideas and bug
   reports!
   
   NB -- if you find errors, change something, please let me know
             first before you distribute it... And please don't touch
       the version number. Just replace my callsign in
       "v3.0.dl1bke" with your own. Just to avoid confusion...

   If you want to add your modification to the linux distribution
   please (!) contact me first.
   
   New versions of the driver will be announced on the linux-hams
   mailing list on vger.kernel.org. To subscribe send an e-mail
   to majordomo@vger.kernel.org with the following line in
   the body of the mail:
   
         subscribe linux-hams
         
   The content of the "Subject" field will be ignored.

   vy 73,
   Joerg Reuter   ampr-net: dl1bke@db0pra.ampr.org
            AX-25   : DL1BKE @ DB0ABH.#BAY.DEU.EU
            Internet: jreuter@yaina.de
            www     : http://yaina.de/jreuter
*/

/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */

#undef  SCC_LDELAY            /* slow it even a bit more down */
#undef  SCC_DONT_CHECK        /* don't look if the SCCs you specified are available */

#define SCC_MAXCHIPS    4       /* number of max. supported chips */
#define SCC_BUFSIZE     384     /* must not exceed 4096 */
#undef      SCC_DEBUG

#define SCC_DEFAULT_CLOCK     4915200 
                        /* default pclock if nothing is specified */

/* ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/ioport.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/in.h>
#include <linux/fcntl.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/rtnetlink.h>
#include <linux/if_ether.h>
#include <linux/if_arp.h>
#include <linux/socket.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/scc.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>

#include <net/ax25.h>

#include <asm/irq.h>
#include <asm/system.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>

#include "z8530.h"

static char banner[] __initdata = KERN_INFO "AX.25: Z8530 SCC driver version "VERSION".dl1bke\n";

static void t_dwait(unsigned long);
static void t_txdelay(unsigned long);
static void t_tail(unsigned long);
static void t_busy(unsigned long);
static void t_maxkeyup(unsigned long);
static void t_idle(unsigned long);
static void scc_tx_done(struct scc_channel *);
static void scc_start_tx_timer(struct scc_channel *, void (*)(unsigned long), unsigned long);
static void scc_start_maxkeyup(struct scc_channel *);
static void scc_start_defer(struct scc_channel *);

static void z8530_init(void);

static void init_channel(struct scc_channel *scc);
static void scc_key_trx (struct scc_channel *scc, char tx);
static irqreturn_t scc_isr(int irq, void *dev_id, struct pt_regs *regs);
static void scc_init_timer(struct scc_channel *scc);

static int scc_net_alloc(const char *name, struct scc_channel *scc);
static void scc_net_setup(struct net_device *dev);
static int scc_net_open(struct net_device *dev);
static int scc_net_close(struct net_device *dev);
static void scc_net_rx(struct scc_channel *scc, struct sk_buff *skb);
static int scc_net_tx(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev);
static int scc_net_ioctl(struct net_device *dev, struct ifreq *ifr, int cmd);
static int scc_net_set_mac_address(struct net_device *dev, void *addr);
static struct net_device_stats * scc_net_get_stats(struct net_device *dev);

static unsigned char SCC_DriverName[] = "scc";

static struct irqflags { unsigned char used : 1; } Ivec[NR_IRQS];
      
static struct scc_channel SCC_Info[2 * SCC_MAXCHIPS]; /* information per channel */

static struct scc_ctrl {
      io_port chan_A;
      io_port chan_B;
      int irq;
} SCC_ctrl[SCC_MAXCHIPS+1];

static unsigned char Driver_Initialized;
static int Nchips;
static io_port Vector_Latch;


/* ******************************************************************** */
/* *              Port Access Functions                     * */
/* ******************************************************************** */

/* These provide interrupt save 2-step access to the Z8530 registers */

static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(iolock);     /* Guards paired accesses */

static inline unsigned char InReg(io_port port, unsigned char reg)
{
      unsigned long flags;
      unsigned char r;

      spin_lock_irqsave(&iolock, flags);  
#ifdef SCC_LDELAY
      Outb(port, reg);
      udelay(SCC_LDELAY);
      r=Inb(port);
      udelay(SCC_LDELAY);
#else
      Outb(port, reg);
      r=Inb(port);
#endif
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&iolock, flags);
      return r;
}

static inline void OutReg(io_port port, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val)
{
      unsigned long flags;

      spin_lock_irqsave(&iolock, flags);
#ifdef SCC_LDELAY
      Outb(port, reg); udelay(SCC_LDELAY);
      Outb(port, val); udelay(SCC_LDELAY);
#else
      Outb(port, reg);
      Outb(port, val);
#endif
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&iolock, flags);
}

static inline void wr(struct scc_channel *scc, unsigned char reg,
      unsigned char val)
{
      OutReg(scc->ctrl, reg, (scc->wreg[reg] = val));
}

static inline void or(struct scc_channel *scc, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val)
{
      OutReg(scc->ctrl, reg, (scc->wreg[reg] |= val));
}

static inline void cl(struct scc_channel *scc, unsigned char reg, unsigned char val)
{
      OutReg(scc->ctrl, reg, (scc->wreg[reg] &= ~val));
}

/* ******************************************************************** */
/* *              Some useful macros                        * */
/* ******************************************************************** */

static inline void scc_discard_buffers(struct scc_channel *scc)
{
      unsigned long flags;
      
      spin_lock_irqsave(&scc->lock, flags);     
      if (scc->tx_buff != NULL)
      {
            dev_kfree_skb(scc->tx_buff);
            scc->tx_buff = NULL;
      }
      
      while (!skb_queue_empty(&scc->tx_queue))
            dev_kfree_skb(skb_dequeue(&scc->tx_queue));

      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&scc->lock, flags);
}



/* ******************************************************************** */
/* *              Interrupt Service Routines                * */
/* ******************************************************************** */


/* ----> subroutines for the interrupt handlers <---- */

static inline void scc_notify(struct scc_channel *scc, int event)
{
      struct sk_buff *skb;
      char *bp;
      
        if (scc->kiss.fulldup != KISS_DUPLEX_OPTIMA)
            return;

      skb = dev_alloc_skb(2);
      if (skb != NULL)
      {
            bp = skb_put(skb, 2);
            *bp++ = PARAM_HWEVENT;
            *bp++ = event;
            scc_net_rx(scc, skb);
      } else
            scc->stat.nospace++;
}

static inline void flush_rx_FIFO(struct scc_channel *scc)
{
      int k;
      
      for (k=0; k<3; k++)
            Inb(scc->data);
            
      if(scc->rx_buff != NULL)            /* did we receive something? */
      {
            scc->stat.rxerrs++;  /* then count it as an error */
            dev_kfree_skb_irq(scc->rx_buff);
            scc->rx_buff = NULL;
      }
}

static void start_hunt(struct scc_channel *scc)
{
      if ((scc->modem.clocksrc != CLK_EXTERNAL))
            OutReg(scc->ctrl,R14,SEARCH|scc->wreg[R14]); /* DPLL: enter search mode */
      or(scc,R3,ENT_HM|RxENABLE);  /* enable the receiver, hunt mode */
}

/* ----> four different interrupt handlers for Tx, Rx, changing of      */
/*       DCD/CTS and Rx/Tx errors                           */

/* Transmitter interrupt handler */
static inline void scc_txint(struct scc_channel *scc)
{
      struct sk_buff *skb;

      scc->stat.txints++;
      skb = scc->tx_buff;
      
      /* send first octet */
      
      if (skb == NULL)
      {
            skb = skb_dequeue(&scc->tx_queue);
            scc->tx_buff = skb;
            netif_wake_queue(scc->dev);

            if (skb == NULL)
            {
                  scc_tx_done(scc);
                  Outb(scc->ctrl, RES_Tx_P);
                  return;
            }
            
            if (skb->len == 0)            /* Paranoia... */
            {
                  dev_kfree_skb_irq(skb);
                  scc->tx_buff = NULL;
                  scc_tx_done(scc);
                  Outb(scc->ctrl, RES_Tx_P);
                  return;
            }

            scc->stat.tx_state = TXS_ACTIVE;

            OutReg(scc->ctrl, R0, RES_Tx_CRC);
                                    /* reset CRC generator */
            or(scc,R10,ABUNDER);          /* re-install underrun protection */
            Outb(scc->data,*skb->data);   /* send byte */
            skb_pull(skb, 1);

            if (!scc->enhanced)           /* reset EOM latch */
                  Outb(scc->ctrl,RES_EOM_L);
            return;
      }
      
      /* End Of Frame... */
      
      if (skb->len == 0)
      {
            Outb(scc->ctrl, RES_Tx_P);    /* reset pending int */
            cl(scc, R10, ABUNDER);        /* send CRC */
            dev_kfree_skb_irq(skb);
            scc->tx_buff = NULL;
            scc->stat.tx_state = TXS_NEWFRAME; /* next frame... */
            return;
      } 
      
      /* send octet */
      
      Outb(scc->data,*skb->data);         
      skb_pull(skb, 1);
}


/* External/Status interrupt handler */
static inline void scc_exint(struct scc_channel *scc)
{
      unsigned char status,changes,chg_and_stat;

      scc->stat.exints++;

      status = InReg(scc->ctrl,R0);
      changes = status ^ scc->status;
      chg_and_stat = changes & status;
      
      /* ABORT: generated whenever DCD drops while receiving */

      if (chg_and_stat & BRK_ABRT)        /* Received an ABORT */
            flush_rx_FIFO(scc);

      /* HUNT: software DCD; on = waiting for SYNC, off = receiving frame */

      if ((changes & SYNC_HUNT) && scc->kiss.softdcd)
      {
            if (status & SYNC_HUNT)
            {
                  scc->dcd = 0;
                  flush_rx_FIFO(scc);
                  if ((scc->modem.clocksrc != CLK_EXTERNAL))
                        OutReg(scc->ctrl,R14,SEARCH|scc->wreg[R14]); /* DPLL: enter search mode */
            } else {
                  scc->dcd = 1;
            }

            scc_notify(scc, scc->dcd? HWEV_DCD_OFF:HWEV_DCD_ON);
      }

      /* DCD: on = start to receive packet, off = ABORT condition */
      /* (a successfully received packet generates a special condition int) */
      
      if((changes & DCD) && !scc->kiss.softdcd) /* DCD input changed state */
      {
            if(status & DCD)                /* DCD is now ON */
            {
                  start_hunt(scc);
                  scc->dcd = 1;
            } else {                        /* DCD is now OFF */
                  cl(scc,R3,ENT_HM|RxENABLE); /* disable the receiver */
                  flush_rx_FIFO(scc);
                  scc->dcd = 0;
            }
            
            scc_notify(scc, scc->dcd? HWEV_DCD_ON:HWEV_DCD_OFF);
      }

#ifdef notdef
      /* CTS: use external TxDelay (what's that good for?!)
       * Anyway: If we _could_ use it (BayCom USCC uses CTS for
       * own purposes) we _should_ use the "autoenable" feature
       * of the Z8530 and not this interrupt...
       */
       
      if (chg_and_stat & CTS)             /* CTS is now ON */
      {
            if (scc->kiss.txdelay == 0)   /* zero TXDELAY = wait for CTS */
                  scc_start_tx_timer(scc, t_txdelay, 0);
      }
#endif
      
      if (scc->stat.tx_state == TXS_ACTIVE && (status & TxEOM))
      {
            scc->stat.tx_under++;     /* oops, an underrun! count 'em */
            Outb(scc->ctrl, RES_EXT_INT); /* reset ext/status interrupts */

            if (scc->tx_buff != NULL)
            {
                  dev_kfree_skb_irq(scc->tx_buff);
                  scc->tx_buff = NULL;
            }
            
            or(scc,R10,ABUNDER);
            scc_start_tx_timer(scc, t_txdelay, 0);    /* restart transmission */
      }
            
      scc->status = status;
      Outb(scc->ctrl,RES_EXT_INT);
}


/* Receiver interrupt handler */
static inline void scc_rxint(struct scc_channel *scc)
{
      struct sk_buff *skb;

      scc->stat.rxints++;

      if((scc->wreg[5] & RTS) && scc->kiss.fulldup == KISS_DUPLEX_HALF)
      {
            Inb(scc->data);         /* discard char */
            or(scc,R3,ENT_HM);      /* enter hunt mode for next flag */
            return;
      }

      skb = scc->rx_buff;
      
      if (skb == NULL)
      {
            skb = dev_alloc_skb(scc->stat.bufsize);
            if (skb == NULL)
            {
                  scc->dev_stat.rx_dropped++;
                  scc->stat.nospace++;
                  Inb(scc->data);
                  or(scc, R3, ENT_HM);
                  return;
            }
            
            scc->rx_buff = skb;
            *(skb_put(skb, 1)) = 0; /* KISS data */
      }
      
      if (skb->len >= scc->stat.bufsize)
      {
#ifdef notdef
            printk(KERN_DEBUG "z8530drv: oops, scc_rxint() received huge frame...\n");
#endif
            dev_kfree_skb_irq(skb);
            scc->rx_buff = NULL;
            Inb(scc->data);
            or(scc, R3, ENT_HM);
            return;
      }

      *(skb_put(skb, 1)) = Inb(scc->data);
}


/* Receive Special Condition interrupt handler */
static inline void scc_spint(struct scc_channel *scc)
{
      unsigned char status;
      struct sk_buff *skb;

      scc->stat.spints++;

      status = InReg(scc->ctrl,R1);       /* read receiver status */
      
      Inb(scc->data);                     /* throw away Rx byte */
      skb = scc->rx_buff;

      if(status & Rx_OVR)                 /* receiver overrun */
      {
            scc->stat.rx_over++;             /* count them */
            or(scc,R3,ENT_HM);               /* enter hunt mode for next flag */
            
            if (skb != NULL) 
                  dev_kfree_skb_irq(skb);
            scc->rx_buff = skb = NULL;
      }

      if(status & END_FR && skb != NULL)  /* end of frame */
      {
            /* CRC okay, frame ends on 8 bit boundary and received something ? */
            
            if (!(status & CRC_ERR) && (status & 0xe) == RES8 && skb->len > 0)
            {
                  /* ignore last received byte (first of the CRC bytes) */
                  skb_trim(skb, skb->len-1);
                  scc_net_rx(scc, skb);
                  scc->rx_buff = NULL;
                  scc->stat.rxframes++;
            } else {                      /* a bad frame */
                  dev_kfree_skb_irq(skb);
                  scc->rx_buff = NULL;
                  scc->stat.rxerrs++;
            }
      } 

      Outb(scc->ctrl,ERR_RES);
}


/* ----> interrupt service routine for the Z8530 <---- */

static void scc_isr_dispatch(struct scc_channel *scc, int vector)
{
      spin_lock(&scc->lock);
      switch (vector & VECTOR_MASK)
      {
            case TXINT: scc_txint(scc); break;
            case EXINT: scc_exint(scc); break;
            case RXINT: scc_rxint(scc); break;
            case SPINT: scc_spint(scc); break;
      }
      spin_unlock(&scc->lock);
}

/* If the card has a latch for the interrupt vector (like the PA0HZP card)
   use it to get the number of the chip that generated the int.
   If not: poll all defined chips.
 */

#define SCC_IRQTIMEOUT 30000

static irqreturn_t scc_isr(int irq, void *dev_id, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
      unsigned char vector;   
      struct scc_channel *scc;
      struct scc_ctrl *ctrl;
      int k;
      
      if (Vector_Latch)
      {
            for(k=0; k < SCC_IRQTIMEOUT; k++)
            {
                  Outb(Vector_Latch, 0);      /* Generate INTACK */
        
                  /* Read the vector */
                  if((vector=Inb(Vector_Latch)) >= 16 * Nchips) break; 
                  if (vector & 0x01) break;
             
                    scc=&SCC_Info[vector >> 3 ^ 0x01];
                  if (!scc->dev) break;

                  scc_isr_dispatch(scc, vector);

                  OutReg(scc->ctrl,R0,RES_H_IUS);              /* Reset Highest IUS */
            }  

            if (k == SCC_IRQTIMEOUT)
                  printk(KERN_WARNING "z8530drv: endless loop in scc_isr()?\n");

            return IRQ_HANDLED;
      }

      /* Find the SCC generating the interrupt by polling all attached SCCs
       * reading RR3A (the interrupt pending register)
       */

      ctrl = SCC_ctrl;
      while (ctrl->chan_A)
      {
            if (ctrl->irq != irq)
            {
                  ctrl++;
                  continue;
            }

            scc = NULL;
            for (k = 0; InReg(ctrl->chan_A,R3) && k < SCC_IRQTIMEOUT; k++)
            {
                  vector=InReg(ctrl->chan_B,R2);      /* Read the vector */
                  if (vector & 0x01) break; 

                  scc = &SCC_Info[vector >> 3 ^ 0x01];
                    if (!scc->dev) break;

                  scc_isr_dispatch(scc, vector);
            }

            if (k == SCC_IRQTIMEOUT)
            {
                  printk(KERN_WARNING "z8530drv: endless loop in scc_isr()?!\n");
                  break;
            }

            /* This looks weird and it is. At least the BayCom USCC doesn't
             * use the Interrupt Daisy Chain, thus we'll have to start
             * all over again to be sure not to miss an interrupt from 
             * (any of) the other chip(s)...
             * Honestly, the situation *is* braindamaged...
             */

            if (scc != NULL)
            {
                  OutReg(scc->ctrl,R0,RES_H_IUS);
                  ctrl = SCC_ctrl; 
            } else
                  ctrl++;
      }
      return IRQ_HANDLED;
}



/* ******************************************************************** */
/* *              Init Channel                              */
/* ******************************************************************** */


/* ----> set SCC channel speed <---- */

static inline void set_brg(struct scc_channel *scc, unsigned int tc)
{
      cl(scc,R14,BRENABL);          /* disable baudrate generator */
      wr(scc,R12,tc & 255);         /* brg rate LOW */
      wr(scc,R13,tc >> 8);          /* brg rate HIGH */
      or(scc,R14,BRENABL);          /* enable baudrate generator */
}

static inline void set_speed(struct scc_channel *scc)
{
      unsigned long flags;
      spin_lock_irqsave(&scc->lock, flags);

      if (scc->modem.speed > 0)     /* paranoia... */
            set_brg(scc, (unsigned) (scc->clock / (scc->modem.speed * 64)) - 2);
            
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&scc->lock, flags);
}


/* ----> initialize a SCC channel <---- */

static inline void init_brg(struct scc_channel *scc)
{
      wr(scc, R14, BRSRC);                      /* BRG source = PCLK */
      OutReg(scc->ctrl, R14, SSBR|scc->wreg[R14]);    /* DPLL source = BRG */
      OutReg(scc->ctrl, R14, SNRZI|scc->wreg[R14]);   /* DPLL NRZI mode */
}

/*
 * Initialization according to the Z8530 manual (SGS-Thomson's version):
 *
 * 1. Modes and constants
 *
 * WR9      11000000    chip reset
 * WR4      XXXXXXXX    Tx/Rx control, async or sync mode
 * WR1      0XX00X00    select W/REQ (optional)
 * WR2      XXXXXXXX    program interrupt vector
 * WR3      XXXXXXX0    select Rx control
 * WR5      XXXX0XXX    select Tx control
 * WR6      XXXXXXXX    sync character
 * WR7      XXXXXXXX    sync character
 * WR9      000X0XXX    select interrupt control
 * WR10     XXXXXXXX    miscellaneous control (optional)
 * WR11     XXXXXXXX    clock control
 * WR12     XXXXXXXX    time constant lower byte (optional)
 * WR13     XXXXXXXX    time constant upper byte (optional)
 * WR14     XXXXXXX0    miscellaneous control
 * WR14     XXXSSSSS    commands (optional)
 *
 * 2. Enables
 *
 * WR14     000SSSS1    baud rate enable
 * WR3      SSSSSSS1    Rx enable
 * WR5      SSSS1SSS    Tx enable
 * WR0      10000000    reset Tx CRG (optional)
 * WR1      XSS00S00    DMA enable (optional)
 *
 * 3. Interrupt status
 *
 * WR15     XXXXXXXX    enable external/status
 * WR0      00010000    reset external status
 * WR0      00010000    reset external status twice
 * WR1      SSSXXSXX    enable Rx, Tx and Ext/status
 * WR9      000SXSSS    enable master interrupt enable
 *
 * 1 = set to one, 0 = reset to zero
 * X = user defined, S = same as previous init
 *
 *
 * Note that the implementation differs in some points from above scheme.
 *
 */
 
static void init_channel(struct scc_channel *scc)
{
      del_timer(&scc->tx_t);
      del_timer(&scc->tx_wdog);

      disable_irq(scc->irq);

      wr(scc,R4,X1CLK|SDLC);        /* *1 clock, SDLC mode */
      wr(scc,R1,0);                 /* no W/REQ operation */
      wr(scc,R3,Rx8|RxCRC_ENAB);    /* RX 8 bits/char, CRC, disabled */ 
      wr(scc,R5,Tx8|DTR|TxCRC_ENAB);      /* TX 8 bits/char, disabled, DTR */
      wr(scc,R6,0);                 /* SDLC address zero (not used) */
      wr(scc,R7,FLAG);        /* SDLC flag value */
      wr(scc,R9,VIS);               /* vector includes status */
      wr(scc,R10,(scc->modem.nrz? NRZ : NRZI)|CRCPS|ABUNDER); /* abort on underrun, preset CRC generator, NRZ(I) */
      wr(scc,R14, 0);


/* set clock sources:

   CLK_DPLL: normal halfduplex operation
   
            RxClk: use DPLL
            TxClk: use DPLL
            TRxC mode DPLL output
            
   CLK_EXTERNAL: external clocking (G3RUH or DF9IC modem)
   
              BayCom:         others:
              
              TxClk = pin RTxC      TxClk = pin TRxC
              RxClk = pin TRxC      RxClk = pin RTxC
           

   CLK_DIVIDER:
            RxClk = use DPLL
            TxClk = pin RTxC
            
            BayCom:                 others:
            pin TRxC = DPLL         pin TRxC = BRG
            (RxClk * 1)       (RxClk * 32)
*/  

            
      switch(scc->modem.clocksrc)
      {
            case CLK_DPLL:
                  wr(scc, R11, RCDPLL|TCDPLL|TRxCOI|TRxCDP);
                  init_brg(scc);
                  break;

            case CLK_DIVIDER:
                  wr(scc, R11, ((scc->brand & BAYCOM)? TRxCDP : TRxCBR) | RCDPLL|TCRTxCP|TRxCOI);
                  init_brg(scc);
                  break;

            case CLK_EXTERNAL:
                  wr(scc, R11, (scc->brand & BAYCOM)? RCTRxCP|TCRTxCP : RCRTxCP|TCTRxCP);
                  OutReg(scc->ctrl, R14, DISDPLL);
                  break;

      }
      
      set_speed(scc);               /* set baudrate */
      
      if(scc->enhanced)
      {
            or(scc,R15,SHDLCE|FIFOE);     /* enable FIFO, SDLC/HDLC Enhancements (From now R7 is R7') */
            wr(scc,R7,AUTOEOM);
      }

      if(scc->kiss.softdcd || (InReg(scc->ctrl,R0) & DCD))
                                    /* DCD is now ON */
      {
            start_hunt(scc);
      }
      
      /* enable ABORT, DCD & SYNC/HUNT interrupts */

      wr(scc,R15, BRKIE|TxUIE|(scc->kiss.softdcd? SYNCIE:DCDIE));

      Outb(scc->ctrl,RES_EXT_INT);  /* reset ext/status interrupts */
      Outb(scc->ctrl,RES_EXT_INT);  /* must be done twice */

      or(scc,R1,INT_ALL_Rx|TxINT_ENAB|EXT_INT_ENAB); /* enable interrupts */
      
      scc->status = InReg(scc->ctrl,R0);  /* read initial status */
      
      or(scc,R9,MIE);               /* master interrupt enable */
      
      scc_init_timer(scc);
                  
      enable_irq(scc->irq);
}




/* ******************************************************************** */
/* *              SCC timer functions                       * */
/* ******************************************************************** */


/* ----> scc_key_trx sets the time constant for the baudrate 
         generator and keys the transmitter                <---- */

static void scc_key_trx(struct scc_channel *scc, char tx)
{
      unsigned int time_const;
            
      if (scc->brand & PRIMUS)
            Outb(scc->ctrl + 4, scc->option | (tx? 0x80 : 0));

      if (scc->modem.speed < 300) 
            scc->modem.speed = 1200;

      time_const = (unsigned) (scc->clock / (scc->modem.speed * (tx? 2:64))) - 2;

      disable_irq(scc->irq);

      if (tx)
      {
            or(scc, R1, TxINT_ENAB);      /* t_maxkeyup may have reset these */
            or(scc, R15, TxUIE);
      }

      if (scc->modem.clocksrc == CLK_DPLL)
      {                       /* force simplex operation */
            if (tx)
            {
#ifdef CONFIG_SCC_TRXECHO
                  cl(scc, R3, RxENABLE|ENT_HM); /* switch off receiver */
                  cl(scc, R15, DCDIE|SYNCIE);   /* No DCD changes, please */
#endif
                  set_brg(scc, time_const);     /* reprogram baudrate generator */

                  /* DPLL -> Rx clk, BRG -> Tx CLK, TRxC mode output, TRxC = BRG */
                  wr(scc, R11, RCDPLL|TCBR|TRxCOI|TRxCBR);
                  
                  /* By popular demand: tx_inhibit */
                  if (scc->kiss.tx_inhibit)
                  {
                        or(scc,R5, TxENAB);
                        scc->wreg[R5] |= RTS;
                  } else {
                        or(scc,R5,RTS|TxENAB);  /* set the RTS line and enable TX */
                  }
            } else {
                  cl(scc,R5,RTS|TxENAB);
                  
                  set_brg(scc, time_const);     /* reprogram baudrate generator */
                  
                  /* DPLL -> Rx clk, DPLL -> Tx CLK, TRxC mode output, TRxC = DPLL */
                  wr(scc, R11, RCDPLL|TCDPLL|TRxCOI|TRxCDP);

#ifndef CONFIG_SCC_TRXECHO
                  if (scc->kiss.softdcd)
#endif
                  {
                        or(scc,R15, scc->kiss.softdcd? SYNCIE:DCDIE);
                        start_hunt(scc);
                  }
            }
      } else {
            if (tx)
            {
#ifdef CONFIG_SCC_TRXECHO
                  if (scc->kiss.fulldup == KISS_DUPLEX_HALF)
                  {
                        cl(scc, R3, RxENABLE);
                        cl(scc, R15, DCDIE|SYNCIE);
                  }
#endif
                        
                  if (scc->kiss.tx_inhibit)
                  {
                        or(scc,R5, TxENAB);
                        scc->wreg[R5] |= RTS;
                  } else {    
                        or(scc,R5,RTS|TxENAB);  /* enable tx */
                  }
            } else {
                  cl(scc,R5,RTS|TxENAB);        /* disable tx */

                  if ((scc->kiss.fulldup == KISS_DUPLEX_HALF) &&
#ifndef CONFIG_SCC_TRXECHO
                      scc->kiss.softdcd)
#else
                      1)
#endif
                  {
                        or(scc, R15, scc->kiss.softdcd? SYNCIE:DCDIE);
                        start_hunt(scc);
                  }
            }
      }

      enable_irq(scc->irq);
}


/* ----> SCC timer interrupt handler and friends. <---- */

static void __scc_start_tx_timer(struct scc_channel *scc, void (*handler)(unsigned long), unsigned long when)
{
      del_timer(&scc->tx_t);

      if (when == 0)
      {
            handler((unsigned long) scc);
      } else 
      if (when != TIMER_OFF)
      {
            scc->tx_t.data = (unsigned long) scc;
            scc->tx_t.function = handler;
            scc->tx_t.expires = jiffies + (when*HZ)/100;
            add_timer(&scc->tx_t);
      }
}

static void scc_start_tx_timer(struct scc_channel *scc, void (*handler)(unsigned long), unsigned long when)
{
      unsigned long flags;
      
      spin_lock_irqsave(&scc->lock, flags);
      __scc_start_tx_timer(scc, handler, when);
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&scc->lock, flags);
}

static void scc_start_defer(struct scc_channel *scc)
{
      unsigned long flags;
      
      spin_lock_irqsave(&scc->lock, flags);
      del_timer(&scc->tx_wdog);
      
      if (scc->kiss.maxdefer != 0 && scc->kiss.maxdefer != TIMER_OFF)
      {
            scc->tx_wdog.data = (unsigned long) scc;
            scc->tx_wdog.function = t_busy;
            scc->tx_wdog.expires = jiffies + HZ*scc->kiss.maxdefer;
            add_timer(&scc->tx_wdog);
      }
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&scc->lock, flags);
}

static void scc_start_maxkeyup(struct scc_channel *scc)
{
      unsigned long flags;
      
      spin_lock_irqsave(&scc->lock, flags);
      del_timer(&scc->tx_wdog);
      
      if (scc->kiss.maxkeyup != 0 && scc->kiss.maxkeyup != TIMER_OFF)
      {
            scc->tx_wdog.data = (unsigned long) scc;
            scc->tx_wdog.function = t_maxkeyup;
            scc->tx_wdog.expires = jiffies + HZ*scc->kiss.maxkeyup;
            add_timer(&scc->tx_wdog);
      }
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&scc->lock, flags);
}

/* 
 * This is called from scc_txint() when there are no more frames to send.
 * Not exactly a timer function, but it is a close friend of the family...
 */

static void scc_tx_done(struct scc_channel *scc)
{
      /* 
       * trx remains keyed in fulldup mode 2 until t_idle expires.
       */
                         
      switch (scc->kiss.fulldup)
      {
            case KISS_DUPLEX_LINK:
                  scc->stat.tx_state = TXS_IDLE2;
                  if (scc->kiss.idletime != TIMER_OFF)
                  scc_start_tx_timer(scc, t_idle, scc->kiss.idletime*100);
                  break;
            case KISS_DUPLEX_OPTIMA:
                  scc_notify(scc, HWEV_ALL_SENT);
                  break;
            default:
                  scc->stat.tx_state = TXS_BUSY;
                  scc_start_tx_timer(scc, t_tail, scc->kiss.tailtime);
      }

      netif_wake_queue(scc->dev);
}


static unsigned char Rand = 17;

static inline int is_grouped(struct scc_channel *scc)
{
      int k;
      struct scc_channel *scc2;
      unsigned char grp1, grp2;

      grp1 = scc->kiss.group;
      
      for (k = 0; k < (Nchips * 2); k++)
      {
            scc2 = &SCC_Info[k];
            grp2 = scc2->kiss.group;
            
            if (scc2 == scc || !(scc2->dev && grp2))
                  continue;
            
            if ((grp1 & 0x3f) == (grp2 & 0x3f))
            {
                  if ( (grp1 & TXGROUP) && (scc2->wreg[R5] & RTS) )
                        return 1;
                  
                  if ( (grp1 & RXGROUP) && scc2->dcd )
                        return 1;
            }
      }
      return 0;
}

/* DWAIT and SLOTTIME expired
 *
 * fulldup == 0:  DCD is active or Rand > P-persistence: start t_busy timer
 *                else key trx and start txdelay
 * fulldup == 1:  key trx and start txdelay
 * fulldup == 2:  mintime expired, reset status or key trx and start txdelay
 */

static void t_dwait(unsigned long channel)
{
      struct scc_channel *scc = (struct scc_channel *) channel;
      
      if (scc->stat.tx_state == TXS_WAIT) /* maxkeyup or idle timeout */
      {
            if (skb_queue_empty(&scc->tx_queue)) {    /* nothing to send */
                  scc->stat.tx_state = TXS_IDLE;
                  netif_wake_queue(scc->dev);   /* t_maxkeyup locked it. */
                  return;
            }

            scc->stat.tx_state = TXS_BUSY;
      }

      if (scc->kiss.fulldup == KISS_DUPLEX_HALF)
      {
            Rand = Rand * 17 + 31;
            
            if (scc->dcd || (scc->kiss.persist) < Rand || (scc->kiss.group && is_grouped(scc)) )
            {
                  scc_start_defer(scc);
                  scc_start_tx_timer(scc, t_dwait, scc->kiss.slottime);
                  return ;
            }
      }

      if ( !(scc->wreg[R5] & RTS) )
      {
            scc_key_trx(scc, TX_ON);
            scc_start_tx_timer(scc, t_txdelay, scc->kiss.txdelay);
      } else {
            scc_start_tx_timer(scc, t_txdelay, 0);
      }
}


/* TXDELAY expired
 *
 * kick transmission by a fake scc_txint(scc), start 'maxkeyup' watchdog.
 */

static void t_txdelay(unsigned long channel)
{
      struct scc_channel *scc = (struct scc_channel *) channel;

      scc_start_maxkeyup(scc);

      if (scc->tx_buff == NULL)
      {
            disable_irq(scc->irq);
            scc_txint(scc);   
            enable_irq(scc->irq);
      }
}
      

/* TAILTIME expired
 *
 * switch off transmitter. If we were stopped by Maxkeyup restart
 * transmission after 'mintime' seconds
 */

static void t_tail(unsigned long channel)
{
      struct scc_channel *scc = (struct scc_channel *) channel;
      unsigned long flags;
      
      spin_lock_irqsave(&scc->lock, flags); 
      del_timer(&scc->tx_wdog);     
      scc_key_trx(scc, TX_OFF);
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&scc->lock, flags);

      if (scc->stat.tx_state == TXS_TIMEOUT)          /* we had a timeout? */
      {
            scc->stat.tx_state = TXS_WAIT;
            scc_start_tx_timer(scc, t_dwait, scc->kiss.mintime*100);
            return;
      }
      
      scc->stat.tx_state = TXS_IDLE;
      netif_wake_queue(scc->dev);
}


/* BUSY timeout
 *
 * throw away send buffers if DCD remains active too long.
 */

static void t_busy(unsigned long channel)
{
      struct scc_channel *scc = (struct scc_channel *) channel;

      del_timer(&scc->tx_t);
      netif_stop_queue(scc->dev);   /* don't pile on the wabbit! */

      scc_discard_buffers(scc);
      scc->stat.txerrs++;
      scc->stat.tx_state = TXS_IDLE;

      netif_wake_queue(scc->dev);   
}

/* MAXKEYUP timeout
 *
 * this is our watchdog.
 */

static void t_maxkeyup(unsigned long channel)
{
      struct scc_channel *scc = (struct scc_channel *) channel;
      unsigned long flags;

      spin_lock_irqsave(&scc->lock, flags);
      /* 
       * let things settle down before we start to
       * accept new data.
       */

      netif_stop_queue(scc->dev);
      scc_discard_buffers(scc);

      del_timer(&scc->tx_t);

      cl(scc, R1, TxINT_ENAB);      /* force an ABORT, but don't */
      cl(scc, R15, TxUIE);          /* count it. */
      OutReg(scc->ctrl, R0, RES_Tx_P);

      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&scc->lock, flags);

      scc->stat.txerrs++;
      scc->stat.tx_state = TXS_TIMEOUT;
      scc_start_tx_timer(scc, t_tail, scc->kiss.tailtime);
}

/* IDLE timeout
 *
 * in fulldup mode 2 it keys down the transmitter after 'idle' seconds
 * of inactivity. We will not restart transmission before 'mintime'
 * expires.
 */

static void t_idle(unsigned long channel)
{
      struct scc_channel *scc = (struct scc_channel *) channel;
      
      del_timer(&scc->tx_wdog);

      scc_key_trx(scc, TX_OFF);
      if(scc->kiss.mintime)
            scc_start_tx_timer(scc, t_dwait, scc->kiss.mintime*100);
      scc->stat.tx_state = TXS_WAIT;
}

static void scc_init_timer(struct scc_channel *scc)
{
      unsigned long flags;

      spin_lock_irqsave(&scc->lock, flags);     
      scc->stat.tx_state = TXS_IDLE;
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&scc->lock, flags);
}


/* ******************************************************************** */
/* *              Set/get L1 parameters                     * */
/* ******************************************************************** */


/*
 * this will set the "hardware" parameters through KISS commands or ioctl()
 */

#define CAST(x) (unsigned long)(x)

static unsigned int scc_set_param(struct scc_channel *scc, unsigned int cmd, unsigned int arg)
{
      switch (cmd)
      {
            case PARAM_TXDELAY:     scc->kiss.txdelay=arg;        break;
            case PARAM_PERSIST:     scc->kiss.persist=arg;        break;
            case PARAM_SLOTTIME:    scc->kiss.slottime=arg;       break;
            case PARAM_TXTAIL:      scc->kiss.tailtime=arg;       break;
            case PARAM_FULLDUP:     scc->kiss.fulldup=arg;        break;
            case PARAM_DTR:         break; /* does someone need this? */
            case PARAM_GROUP: scc->kiss.group=arg;          break;
            case PARAM_IDLE:  scc->kiss.idletime=arg;       break;
            case PARAM_MIN:         scc->kiss.mintime=arg;        break;
            case PARAM_MAXKEY:      scc->kiss.maxkeyup=arg;       break;
            case PARAM_WAIT:  scc->kiss.waittime=arg;       break;
            case PARAM_MAXDEFER:    scc->kiss.maxdefer=arg;       break;
            case PARAM_TX:          scc->kiss.tx_inhibit=arg;     break;

            case PARAM_SOFTDCD:     
                  scc->kiss.softdcd=arg;
                  if (arg)
                  {
                        or(scc, R15, SYNCIE);
                        cl(scc, R15, DCDIE);
                        start_hunt(scc);
                  } else {
                        or(scc, R15, DCDIE);
                        cl(scc, R15, SYNCIE);
                  }
                  break;
                        
            case PARAM_SPEED:
                  if (arg < 256)
                        scc->modem.speed=arg*100;
                  else
                        scc->modem.speed=arg;

                  if (scc->stat.tx_state == 0)  /* only switch baudrate on rx... ;-) */
                        set_speed(scc);
                  break;
                  
            case PARAM_RTS:   
                  if ( !(scc->wreg[R5] & RTS) )
                  {
                        if (arg != TX_OFF)
                              scc_key_trx(scc, TX_ON);
                              scc_start_tx_timer(scc, t_txdelay, scc->kiss.txdelay);
                  } else {
                        if (arg == TX_OFF)
                        {
                              scc->stat.tx_state = TXS_BUSY;
                              scc_start_tx_timer(scc, t_tail, scc->kiss.tailtime);
                        }
                  }
                  break;
                  
            case PARAM_HWEVENT:
                  scc_notify(scc, scc->dcd? HWEV_DCD_ON:HWEV_DCD_OFF);
                  break;

            default:          return -EINVAL;
      }
      
      return 0;
}


 
static unsigned long scc_get_param(struct scc_channel *scc, unsigned int cmd)
{
      switch (cmd)
      {
            case PARAM_TXDELAY:     return CAST(scc->kiss.txdelay);
            case PARAM_PERSIST:     return CAST(scc->kiss.persist);
            case PARAM_SLOTTIME:    return CAST(scc->kiss.slottime);
            case PARAM_TXTAIL:      return CAST(scc->kiss.tailtime);
            case PARAM_FULLDUP:     return CAST(scc->kiss.fulldup);
            case PARAM_SOFTDCD:     return CAST(scc->kiss.softdcd);
            case PARAM_DTR:         return CAST((scc->wreg[R5] & DTR)? 1:0);
            case PARAM_RTS:         return CAST((scc->wreg[R5] & RTS)? 1:0);
            case PARAM_SPEED: return CAST(scc->modem.speed);
            case PARAM_GROUP: return CAST(scc->kiss.group);
            case PARAM_IDLE:  return CAST(scc->kiss.idletime);
            case PARAM_MIN:         return CAST(scc->kiss.mintime);
            case PARAM_MAXKEY:      return CAST(scc->kiss.maxkeyup);
            case PARAM_WAIT:  return CAST(scc->kiss.waittime);
            case PARAM_MAXDEFER:    return CAST(scc->kiss.maxdefer);
            case PARAM_TX:          return CAST(scc->kiss.tx_inhibit);
            default:          return NO_SUCH_PARAM;
      }

}

#undef CAST

/* ******************************************************************* */
/* *              Send calibration pattern                 * */
/* ******************************************************************* */

static void scc_stop_calibrate(unsigned long channel)
{
      struct scc_channel *scc = (struct scc_channel *) channel;
      unsigned long flags;
      
      spin_lock_irqsave(&scc->lock, flags);
      del_timer(&scc->tx_wdog);
      scc_key_trx(scc, TX_OFF);
      wr(scc, R6, 0);
      wr(scc, R7, FLAG);
      Outb(scc->ctrl,RES_EXT_INT);  /* reset ext/status interrupts */
      Outb(scc->ctrl,RES_EXT_INT);

      netif_wake_queue(scc->dev);
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&scc->lock, flags);
}


static void
scc_start_calibrate(struct scc_channel *scc, int duration, unsigned char pattern)
{
      unsigned long flags;
      
      spin_lock_irqsave(&scc->lock, flags);
      netif_stop_queue(scc->dev);
      scc_discard_buffers(scc);

      del_timer(&scc->tx_wdog);

      scc->tx_wdog.data = (unsigned long) scc;
      scc->tx_wdog.function = scc_stop_calibrate;
      scc->tx_wdog.expires = jiffies + HZ*duration;
      add_timer(&scc->tx_wdog);

      /* This doesn't seem to work. Why not? */ 
      wr(scc, R6, 0);
      wr(scc, R7, pattern);

      /* 
       * Don't know if this works. 
       * Damn, where is my Z8530 programming manual...? 
       */

      Outb(scc->ctrl,RES_EXT_INT);  /* reset ext/status interrupts */
      Outb(scc->ctrl,RES_EXT_INT);

      scc_key_trx(scc, TX_ON);
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&scc->lock, flags);
}

/* ******************************************************************* */
/* *        Init channel structures, special HW, etc...          * */
/* ******************************************************************* */

/*
 * Reset the Z8530s and setup special hardware
 */

static void z8530_init(void)
{
      struct scc_channel *scc;
      int chip, k;
      unsigned long flags;
      char *flag;


      printk(KERN_INFO "Init Z8530 driver: %u channels, IRQ", Nchips*2);
      
      flag=" ";
      for (k = 0; k < NR_IRQS; k++)
            if (Ivec[k].used) 
            {
                  printk("%s%d", flag, k);
                  flag=",";
            }
      printk("\n");


      /* reset and pre-init all chips in the system */
      for (chip = 0; chip < Nchips; chip++)
      {
            scc=&SCC_Info[2*chip];
            if (!scc->ctrl) continue;

            /* Special SCC cards */

            if(scc->brand & EAGLE)              /* this is an EAGLE card */
                  Outb(scc->special,0x08);      /* enable interrupt on the board */
                  
            if(scc->brand & (PC100 | PRIMUS))   /* this is a PC100/PRIMUS card */
                  Outb(scc->special,scc->option);     /* set the MODEM mode (0x22) */

                  
            /* Reset and pre-init Z8530 */

            spin_lock_irqsave(&scc->lock, flags);
                        
            Outb(scc->ctrl, 0);
            OutReg(scc->ctrl,R9,FHWRES);        /* force hardware reset */
            udelay(100);                        /* give it 'a bit' more time than required */
            wr(scc, R2, chip*16);               /* interrupt vector */
            wr(scc, R9, VIS);             /* vector includes status */
            spin_unlock_irqrestore(&scc->lock, flags);            
        }

 
      Driver_Initialized = 1;
}

/*
 * Allocate device structure, err, instance, and register driver
 */

static int scc_net_alloc(const char *name, struct scc_channel *scc)
{
      int err;
      struct net_device *dev;

      dev = alloc_netdev(0, name, scc_net_setup);
      if (!dev) 
            return -ENOMEM;

      dev->priv = scc;
      scc->dev = dev;
      spin_lock_init(&scc->lock);
      init_timer(&scc->tx_t);
      init_timer(&scc->tx_wdog);

      err = register_netdevice(dev);
      if (err) {
            printk(KERN_ERR "%s: can't register network device (%d)\n", 
                   name, err);
            free_netdev(dev);
            scc->dev = NULL;
            return err;
      }

      return 0;
}



/* ******************************************************************** */
/* *                  Network driver methods                * */
/* ******************************************************************** */

static unsigned char ax25_bcast[AX25_ADDR_LEN] =
{'Q' << 1, 'S' << 1, 'T' << 1, ' ' << 1, ' ' << 1, ' ' << 1, '0' << 1};
static unsigned char ax25_nocall[AX25_ADDR_LEN] =
{'L' << 1, 'I' << 1, 'N' << 1, 'U' << 1, 'X' << 1, ' ' << 1, '1' << 1};

/* ----> Initialize device <----- */

static void scc_net_setup(struct net_device *dev)
{
      dev->tx_queue_len    = 16;    /* should be enough... */

      dev->open            = scc_net_open;
      dev->stop        = scc_net_close;

      dev->hard_start_xmit = scc_net_tx;
      dev->hard_header     = ax25_hard_header;
      dev->rebuild_header  = ax25_rebuild_header;
      dev->set_mac_address = scc_net_set_mac_address;
      dev->get_stats       = scc_net_get_stats;
      dev->do_ioctl        = scc_net_ioctl;
      dev->tx_timeout      = NULL;

      memcpy(dev->broadcast, ax25_bcast,  AX25_ADDR_LEN);
      memcpy(dev->dev_addr,  ax25_nocall, AX25_ADDR_LEN);
 
      dev->flags      = 0;

      dev->type = ARPHRD_AX25;
      dev->hard_header_len = AX25_MAX_HEADER_LEN + AX25_BPQ_HEADER_LEN;
      dev->mtu = AX25_DEF_PACLEN;
      dev->addr_len = AX25_ADDR_LEN;

}

/* ----> open network device <---- */

static int scc_net_open(struct net_device *dev)
{
      struct scc_channel *scc = (struct scc_channel *) dev->priv;

      if (!scc->init)
            return -EINVAL;

      scc->tx_buff = NULL;
      skb_queue_head_init(&scc->tx_queue);
 
      init_channel(scc);

      netif_start_queue(dev);
      return 0;
}

/* ----> close network device <---- */

static int scc_net_close(struct net_device *dev)
{
      struct scc_channel *scc = (struct scc_channel *) dev->priv;
      unsigned long flags;

      netif_stop_queue(dev);

      spin_lock_irqsave(&scc->lock, flags);     
      Outb(scc->ctrl,0);            /* Make sure pointer is written */
      wr(scc,R1,0);                 /* disable interrupts */
      wr(scc,R3,0);
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&scc->lock, flags);

      del_timer_sync(&scc->tx_t);
      del_timer_sync(&scc->tx_wdog);
      
      scc_discard_buffers(scc);

      return 0;
}

/* ----> receive frame, called from scc_rxint() <---- */

static void scc_net_rx(struct scc_channel *scc, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
      if (skb->len == 0) {
            dev_kfree_skb_irq(skb);
            return;
      }
            
      scc->dev_stat.rx_packets++;
      scc->dev_stat.rx_bytes += skb->len;

      skb->protocol = ax25_type_trans(skb, scc->dev);
      
      netif_rx(skb);
      scc->dev->last_rx = jiffies;
      return;
}

/* ----> transmit frame <---- */

static int scc_net_tx(struct sk_buff *skb, struct net_device *dev)
{
      struct scc_channel *scc = (struct scc_channel *) dev->priv;
      unsigned long flags;
      char kisscmd;

      if (skb->len > scc->stat.bufsize || skb->len < 2) {
            scc->dev_stat.tx_dropped++;   /* bogus frame */
            dev_kfree_skb(skb);
            return 0;
      }
      
      scc->dev_stat.tx_packets++;
      scc->dev_stat.tx_bytes += skb->len;
      scc->stat.txframes++;
      
      kisscmd = *skb->data & 0x1f;
      skb_pull(skb, 1);

      if (kisscmd) {
            scc_set_param(scc, kisscmd, *skb->data);
            dev_kfree_skb(skb);
            return 0;
      }

      spin_lock_irqsave(&scc->lock, flags);
            
      if (skb_queue_len(&scc->tx_queue) > scc->dev->tx_queue_len) {
            struct sk_buff *skb_del;
            skb_del = skb_dequeue(&scc->tx_queue);
            dev_kfree_skb(skb_del);
      }
      skb_queue_tail(&scc->tx_queue, skb);
      dev->trans_start = jiffies;
      

      /*
       * Start transmission if the trx state is idle or
       * t_idle hasn't expired yet. Use dwait/persistence/slottime
       * algorithm for normal halfduplex operation.
       */

      if(scc->stat.tx_state == TXS_IDLE || scc->stat.tx_state == TXS_IDLE2) {
            scc->stat.tx_state = TXS_BUSY;
            if (scc->kiss.fulldup == KISS_DUPLEX_HALF)
                  __scc_start_tx_timer(scc, t_dwait, scc->kiss.waittime);
            else
                  __scc_start_tx_timer(scc, t_dwait, 0);
      }
      spin_unlock_irqrestore(&scc->lock, flags);
      return 0;
}

/* ----> ioctl functions <---- */

/*
 * SIOCSCCCFG           - configure driver      arg: (struct scc_hw_config *) arg
 * SIOCSCCINI           - initialize driver     arg: ---
 * SIOCSCCCHANINI - initialize channel    arg: (struct scc_modem *) arg
 * SIOCSCCSMEM          - set memory            arg: (struct scc_mem_config *) arg
 * SIOCSCCGKISS         - get level 1 parameter arg: (struct scc_kiss_cmd *) arg
 * SIOCSCCSKISS         - set level 1 parameter arg: (struct scc_kiss_cmd *) arg
 * SIOCSCCGSTAT         - get driver status     arg: (struct scc_stat *) arg
 * SIOCSCCCAL           - send calib. pattern   arg: (struct scc_calibrate *) arg
 */

static int scc_net_ioctl(struct net_device *dev, struct ifreq *ifr, int cmd)
{
      struct scc_kiss_cmd kiss_cmd;
      struct scc_mem_config memcfg;
      struct scc_hw_config hwcfg;
      struct scc_calibrate cal;
      struct scc_channel *scc = (struct scc_channel *) dev->priv;
      int chan;
      unsigned char device_name[IFNAMSIZ];
      void __user *arg = ifr->ifr_data;
      
      
      if (!Driver_Initialized)
      {
            if (cmd == SIOCSCCCFG)
            {
                  int found = 1;

                  if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO)) return -EPERM;
                  if (!arg) return -EFAULT;

                  if (Nchips >= SCC_MAXCHIPS) 
                        return -EINVAL;

                  if (copy_from_user(&hwcfg, arg, sizeof(hwcfg)))
                        return -EFAULT;

                  if (hwcfg.irq == 2) hwcfg.irq = 9;

                  if (hwcfg.irq < 0 || hwcfg.irq >= NR_IRQS)
                        return -EINVAL;
                        
                  if (!Ivec[hwcfg.irq].used && hwcfg.irq)
                  {
                        if (request_irq(hwcfg.irq, scc_isr, IRQF_DISABLED, "AX.25 SCC", NULL))
                              printk(KERN_WARNING "z8530drv: warning, cannot get IRQ %d\n", hwcfg.irq);
                        else
                              Ivec[hwcfg.irq].used = 1;
                  }

                  if (hwcfg.vector_latch && !Vector_Latch) {
                        if (!request_region(hwcfg.vector_latch, 1, "scc vector latch"))
                              printk(KERN_WARNING "z8530drv: warning, cannot reserve vector latch port 0x%lx\n, disabled.", hwcfg.vector_latch);
                        else
                              Vector_Latch = hwcfg.vector_latch;
                  }

                  if (hwcfg.clock == 0)
                        hwcfg.clock = SCC_DEFAULT_CLOCK;

#ifndef SCC_DONT_CHECK

                  if(request_region(hwcfg.ctrl_a, 1, "scc-probe"))
                  {
                        disable_irq(hwcfg.irq);
                        Outb(hwcfg.ctrl_a, 0);
                        OutReg(hwcfg.ctrl_a, R9, FHWRES);
                        udelay(100);
                        OutReg(hwcfg.ctrl_a,R13,0x55);            /* is this chip really there? */
                        udelay(5);

                        if (InReg(hwcfg.ctrl_a,R13) != 0x55)
                              found = 0;
                        enable_irq(hwcfg.irq);
                        release_region(hwcfg.ctrl_a, 1);
                  }
                  else
                        found = 0;
#endif

                  if (found)
                  {
                        SCC_Info[2*Nchips  ].ctrl = hwcfg.ctrl_a;
                        SCC_Info[2*Nchips  ].data = hwcfg.data_a;
                        SCC_Info[2*Nchips  ].irq  = hwcfg.irq;
                        SCC_Info[2*Nchips+1].ctrl = hwcfg.ctrl_b;
                        SCC_Info[2*Nchips+1].data = hwcfg.data_b;
                        SCC_Info[2*Nchips+1].irq  = hwcfg.irq;
                  
                        SCC_ctrl[Nchips].chan_A = hwcfg.ctrl_a;
                        SCC_ctrl[Nchips].chan_B = hwcfg.ctrl_b;
                        SCC_ctrl[Nchips].irq    = hwcfg.irq;
                  }


                  for (chan = 0; chan < 2; chan++)
                  {
                        sprintf(device_name, "%s%i", SCC_DriverName, 2*Nchips+chan);

                        SCC_Info[2*Nchips+chan].special = hwcfg.special;
                        SCC_Info[2*Nchips+chan].clock = hwcfg.clock;
                        SCC_Info[2*Nchips+chan].brand = hwcfg.brand;
                        SCC_Info[2*Nchips+chan].option = hwcfg.option;
                        SCC_Info[2*Nchips+chan].enhanced = hwcfg.escc;

#ifdef SCC_DONT_CHECK
                        printk(KERN_INFO "%s: data port = 0x%3.3x  control port = 0x%3.3x\n",
                              device_name, 
                              SCC_Info[2*Nchips+chan].data, 
                              SCC_Info[2*Nchips+chan].ctrl);

#else
                        printk(KERN_INFO "%s: data port = 0x%3.3lx  control port = 0x%3.3lx -- %s\n",
                              device_name,
                              chan? hwcfg.data_b : hwcfg.data_a, 
                              chan? hwcfg.ctrl_b : hwcfg.ctrl_a,
                              found? "found" : "missing");
#endif

                        if (found)
                        {
                              request_region(SCC_Info[2*Nchips+chan].ctrl, 1, "scc ctrl");
                              request_region(SCC_Info[2*Nchips+chan].data, 1, "scc data");
                              if (Nchips+chan != 0 &&
                                  scc_net_alloc(device_name, 
                                            &SCC_Info[2*Nchips+chan]))
                                  return -EINVAL;
                        }
                  }
                  
                  if (found) Nchips++;
                  
                  return 0;
            }
            
            if (cmd == SIOCSCCINI)
            {
                  if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO))
                        return -EPERM;
                        
                  if (Nchips == 0)
                        return -EINVAL;

                  z8530_init();
                  return 0;
            }
            
            return -EINVAL;   /* confuse the user */
      }
      
      if (!scc->init)
      {
            if (cmd == SIOCSCCCHANINI)
            {
                  if (!capable(CAP_NET_ADMIN)) return -EPERM;
                  if (!arg) return -EINVAL;
                  
                  scc->stat.bufsize   = SCC_BUFSIZE;

                  if (copy_from_user(&scc->modem, arg, sizeof(struct scc_modem)))
                        return -EINVAL;
                  
                  /* default KISS Params */
            
                  if (scc->modem.speed < 4800)
                  {
                        scc->kiss.txdelay = 36;       /* 360 ms */
                        scc->kiss.persist = 42;       /* 25% persistence */               /* was 25 */
                        scc->kiss.slottime = 16;      /* 160 ms */
                        scc->kiss.tailtime = 4;       /* minimal reasonable value */
                        scc->kiss.fulldup = 0;        /* CSMA */
                        scc->kiss.waittime = 50;      /* 500 ms */
                        scc->kiss.maxkeyup = 10;      /* 10 s */
                        scc->kiss.mintime = 3;        /* 3 s */
                        scc->kiss.idletime = 30;      /* 30 s */
                        scc->kiss.maxdefer = 120;     /* 2 min */
                        scc->kiss.softdcd = 0;        /* hardware dcd */
                  } else {
                        scc->kiss.txdelay = 10;       /* 100 ms */
                        scc->kiss.persist = 64;       /* 25% persistence */               /* was 25 */
                        scc->kiss.slottime = 8;       /* 160 ms */
                        scc->kiss.tailtime = 1;       /* minimal reasonable value */
                        scc->kiss.fulldup = 0;        /* CSMA */
                        scc->kiss.waittime = 50;      /* 500 ms */
                        scc->kiss.maxkeyup = 7;       /* 7 s */
                        scc->kiss.mintime = 3;        /* 3 s */
                        scc->kiss.idletime = 30;      /* 30 s */
                        scc->kiss.maxdefer = 120;     /* 2 min */
                        scc->kiss.softdcd = 0;        /* hardware dcd */
                  }
                  
                  scc->tx_buff = NULL;
                  skb_queue_head_init(&scc->tx_queue);
                  scc->init = 1;
                  
                  return 0;
            }
            
            return -EINVAL;
      }
      
      switch(cmd)
      {
            case SIOCSCCRESERVED:
                  return -ENOIOCTLCMD;

            case SIOCSCCSMEM:
                  if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO)) return -EPERM;
                  if (!arg || copy_from_user(&memcfg, arg, sizeof(memcfg)))
                        return -EINVAL;
                  scc->stat.bufsize   = memcfg.bufsize;
                  return 0;
            
            case SIOCSCCGSTAT:
                  if (!arg || copy_to_user(arg, &scc->stat, sizeof(scc->stat)))
                        return -EINVAL;
                  return 0;
            
            case SIOCSCCGKISS:
                  if (!arg || copy_from_user(&kiss_cmd, arg, sizeof(kiss_cmd)))
                        return -EINVAL;
                  kiss_cmd.param = scc_get_param(scc, kiss_cmd.command);
                  if (copy_to_user(arg, &kiss_cmd, sizeof(kiss_cmd)))
                        return -EINVAL;
                  return 0;
            
            case SIOCSCCSKISS:
                  if (!capable(CAP_NET_ADMIN)) return -EPERM;
                  if (!arg || copy_from_user(&kiss_cmd, arg, sizeof(kiss_cmd)))
                        return -EINVAL;
                  return scc_set_param(scc, kiss_cmd.command, kiss_cmd.param);
            
            case SIOCSCCCAL:
                  if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO)) return -EPERM;
                  if (!arg || copy_from_user(&cal, arg, sizeof(cal)) || cal.time == 0)
                        return -EINVAL;

                  scc_start_calibrate(scc, cal.time, cal.pattern);
                  return 0;

            default:
                  return -ENOIOCTLCMD;
            
      }
      
      return -EINVAL;
}

/* ----> set interface callsign <---- */

static int scc_net_set_mac_address(struct net_device *dev, void *addr)
{
      struct sockaddr *sa = (struct sockaddr *) addr;
      memcpy(dev->dev_addr, sa->sa_data, dev->addr_len);
      return 0;
}

/* ----> get statistics <---- */

static struct net_device_stats *scc_net_get_stats(struct net_device *dev)
{
      struct scc_channel *scc = (struct scc_channel *) dev->priv;
      
      scc->dev_stat.rx_errors = scc->stat.rxerrs + scc->stat.rx_over;
      scc->dev_stat.tx_errors = scc->stat.txerrs + scc->stat.tx_under;
      scc->dev_stat.rx_fifo_errors = scc->stat.rx_over;
      scc->dev_stat.tx_fifo_errors = scc->stat.tx_under;

      return &scc->dev_stat;
}

/* ******************************************************************** */
/* *        dump statistics to /proc/net/z8530drv                 * */
/* ******************************************************************** */

#ifdef CONFIG_PROC_FS

static inline struct scc_channel *scc_net_seq_idx(loff_t pos)
{
      int k;

      for (k = 0; k < Nchips*2; ++k) {
            if (!SCC_Info[k].init) 
                  continue;
            if (pos-- == 0)
                  return &SCC_Info[k];
      }
      return NULL;
}

static void *scc_net_seq_start(struct seq_file *seq, loff_t *pos)
{
      return *pos ? scc_net_seq_idx(*pos - 1) : SEQ_START_TOKEN;
      
}

static void *scc_net_seq_next(struct seq_file *seq, void *v, loff_t *pos)
{
      unsigned k;
      struct scc_channel *scc = v;
      ++*pos;
      
      for (k = (v == SEQ_START_TOKEN) ? 0 : (scc - SCC_Info)+1;
           k < Nchips*2; ++k) {
            if (SCC_Info[k].init) 
                  return &SCC_Info[k];
      }
      return NULL;
}

static void scc_net_seq_stop(struct seq_file *seq, void *v)
{
}

static int scc_net_seq_show(struct seq_file *seq, void *v)
{
      if (v == SEQ_START_TOKEN) {
            seq_puts(seq, "z8530drv-"VERSION"\n");
      } else if (!Driver_Initialized) {
            seq_puts(seq, "not initialized\n");
      } else if (!Nchips) {
            seq_puts(seq, "chips missing\n");
      } else {
            const struct scc_channel *scc = v;
            const struct scc_stat *stat = &scc->stat;
            const struct scc_kiss *kiss = &scc->kiss;


            /* dev      data ctrl irq clock brand enh vector special option 
             *    baud nrz clocksrc softdcd bufsize
             *    rxints txints exints spints
             *    rcvd rxerrs over / xmit txerrs under / nospace bufsize
             *    txd pers slot tail ful wait min maxk idl defr txof grp
             *    W ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ## ##
             *    R ## ## XX ## ## ## ## ## XX ## ## ## ## ## ## ##
             */

            seq_printf(seq, "%s\t%3.3lx %3.3lx %d %lu %2.2x %d %3.3lx %3.3lx %d\n",
                        scc->dev->name,
                        scc->data, scc->ctrl, scc->irq, scc->clock, scc->brand,
                        scc->enhanced, Vector_Latch, scc->special,
                        scc->option);
            seq_printf(seq, "\t%lu %d %d %d %d\n",
                        scc->modem.speed, scc->modem.nrz,
                        scc->modem.clocksrc, kiss->softdcd,
                        stat->bufsize);
            seq_printf(seq, "\t%lu %lu %lu %lu\n",
                        stat->rxints, stat->txints, stat->exints, stat->spints);
            seq_printf(seq, "\t%lu %lu %d / %lu %lu %d / %d %d\n",
                        stat->rxframes, stat->rxerrs, stat->rx_over,
                        stat->txframes, stat->txerrs, stat->tx_under,
                        stat->nospace,  stat->tx_state);

#define K(x) kiss->x
            seq_printf(seq, "\t%d %d %d %d %d %d %d %d %d %d %d %d\n",
                        K(txdelay), K(persist), K(slottime), K(tailtime),
                        K(fulldup), K(waittime), K(mintime), K(maxkeyup),
                        K(idletime), K(maxdefer), K(tx_inhibit), K(group));
#undef K
#ifdef SCC_DEBUG
            {
                  int reg;

            seq_printf(seq, "\tW ");
                  for (reg = 0; reg < 16; reg++)
                        seq_printf(seq, "%2.2x ", scc->wreg[reg]);
                  seq_printf(seq, "\n");
                  
            seq_printf(seq, "\tR %2.2x %2.2x XX ", InReg(scc->ctrl,R0), InReg(scc->ctrl,R1));
                  for (reg = 3; reg < 8; reg++)
                        seq_printf(seq, "%2.2x ", InReg(scc->ctrl, reg));
                  seq_printf(seq, "XX ");
                  for (reg = 9; reg < 16; reg++)
                        seq_printf(seq, "%2.2x ", InReg(scc->ctrl, reg));
                  seq_printf(seq, "\n");
            }
#endif
            seq_putc(seq, '\n');
      }

        return 0;
}

static struct seq_operations scc_net_seq_ops = {
      .start  = scc_net_seq_start,
      .next   = scc_net_seq_next,
      .stop   = scc_net_seq_stop,
      .show   = scc_net_seq_show,
};


static int scc_net_seq_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
      return seq_open(file, &scc_net_seq_ops);
}

static struct file_operations scc_net_seq_fops = {
      .owner       = THIS_MODULE,
      .open  = scc_net_seq_open,
      .read  = seq_read,
      .llseek      = seq_lseek,
      .release = seq_release_private,
};

#endif /* CONFIG_PROC_FS */

 
/* ******************************************************************** */
/* *              Init SCC driver                     * */
/* ******************************************************************** */

static int __init scc_init_driver (void)
{
      char devname[IFNAMSIZ];
      
      printk(banner);
      
      sprintf(devname,"%s0", SCC_DriverName);
      
      rtnl_lock();
      if (scc_net_alloc(devname, SCC_Info)) {
            rtnl_unlock();
            printk(KERN_ERR "z8530drv: cannot initialize module\n");
            return -EIO;
      }
      rtnl_unlock();

      proc_net_fops_create("z8530drv", 0, &scc_net_seq_fops);

      return 0;
}

static void __exit scc_cleanup_driver(void)
{
      io_port ctrl;
      int k;
      struct scc_channel *scc;
      struct net_device *dev;
      
      if (Nchips == 0 && (dev = SCC_Info[0].dev)) 
      {
            unregister_netdev(dev);
            free_netdev(dev);
      }

      /* Guard against chip prattle */
      local_irq_disable();
      
      for (k = 0; k < Nchips; k++)
            if ( (ctrl = SCC_ctrl[k].chan_A) )
            {
                  Outb(ctrl, 0);
                  OutReg(ctrl,R9,FHWRES); /* force hardware reset */
                  udelay(50);
            }
            
      /* To unload the port must be closed so no real IRQ pending */
      for (k=0; k < NR_IRQS ; k++)
            if (Ivec[k].used) free_irq(k, NULL);
            
      local_irq_enable();
            
      /* Now clean up */
      for (k = 0; k < Nchips*2; k++)
      {
            scc = &SCC_Info[k];
            if (scc->ctrl)
            {
                  release_region(scc->ctrl, 1);
                  release_region(scc->data, 1);
            }
            if (scc->dev)
            {
                  unregister_netdev(scc->dev);
                  free_netdev(scc->dev);
            }
      }
      
            
      if (Vector_Latch)
            release_region(Vector_Latch, 1);

      proc_net_remove("z8530drv");
}

MODULE_AUTHOR("Joerg Reuter <jreuter@yaina.de>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("AX.25 Device Driver for Z8530 based HDLC cards");
MODULE_SUPPORTED_DEVICE("Z8530 based SCC cards for Amateur Radio");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
module_init(scc_init_driver);
module_exit(scc_cleanup_driver);

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